General Terms and Conditions of Delivery Business

I. Application
1. The following Standard Terms and Conditions of Delivery and Business (hereinafter
referred to as the Standard Terms and Conditions) shall apply to all of orders, offers,
deliveries and services executed by the photographer.
2. They shall be deemed to be binding on both parties upon acceptance of the photographer’s
delivery, service or offer by the customer, however no later than upon the
photographic material being accepted for publication.
3. If the customer does not accept these Standard Terms and Conditions, it shall lodge
written notification to this effect within three work days. Any alternative Standard
Terms and Conditions on the part of the customer are hereby rejected. Alternative
Standard Terms and Conditions on the part of the customer shall be deemed to be
void unless the photographer agrees in writing to be bound by them.
4. In the absence of any express reference to the contrary, these Standard Terms and
Conditions shall also apply to all of the photographer’s future orders, offers, deliveries
and services under the ongoing business relationship notwithstanding the
absence of any express reference to them.

II. Comission products
1. Any cost estimates provided by the photographer shall be given without engagement.
If any increase in costs occurs during production, the photographer shall only report
such increase when it becomes evident that the original estimate of the total costs
is likely to be exceeded by more than 15 %. If the planned production period is exceeded
for reasons beyond the photographer’s control, additional remuneration shall be
paid on the basis of the agreed time-based fee or in the form of a reasonable increase
in the flat-rate fee agreed upon.
2. The photographer may commission third party services which are required for the execution
of the production on behalf and for the account of the customer and with the
customer’s authorization.
3. Subject to any other provisions, the photographer shall be responsible for selecting
the photographs to be presented to the customer for approval at the conclusion of
production.
4. The photographs shall be deemed to have been duly accepted in accordance with the
terms of the contract and be free of any faults unless notification to the contrary is
served upon the photographer within two weeks of submission of the photographs.

III. Provision of photographic material (analog and digital)

1. These Standard Terms and Conditions shall apply to all photographic material submitted
to the customer regardless of its degree of completion or technical form. They shall
expressly also apply to photographic material transmitted electronically or digitally.
2. The customer acknowledges that the photographic material provided by the photographer
constitutes copyright material as defined in Section 2 (1) No. 5 of the
German Copyright Act.
3. Any suggestions submitted by the customer concerning modifications or adjustments
shall be deemed to constitute individual services which shall be subject to separate
remuneration.
4. The photographic material provided shall remain the photographer’s property notwithstanding
the fact that consideration may have been received for it.
5. The customer shall treat the photographic material carefully and may only make it
available to third parties for internal business purposes, i.e. for viewing, selection
purposes and technical editing.
6. Any complaints concerning the content of the delivery or the content, quality or
state of the photographic material shall be lodged within 48 hours of receipt. Failing
this, the photographic material shall be deemed to have been received in proper condition,
in conformance with the contract and as described.

IV. Utilization Rights

1. The customer shall fundamentally only receive simple rights for one-time utilization.
Subject to any other agreements, the right of publication on the Internet or inclusion
in digital databases shall be limited to the duration of the publication period of the
corresponding or a comparable printed item.
2. Exclusive utilization rights, exclusive rights for certain geographic territories or periods
of time shall be subject to separate agreement as well as a surcharge of at least
100% on top of the basic fee in question.
3. Upon the photographic material being delivered, only the utilization rights shall be
granted for one-time use of the photographic material for the purpose specified by
the customer and in the publication, medium or data vehicle which has been stated
by the customer or can be reasonably assumed in the light of the circumstances surrounding
the placing of the order. In the case of any doubt, the purpose for which
the photographic material has been supplied as evidenced by the delivery note or the
recipient address shall be decisive.
4. Any use, exploitation, dissemination, copying or publication going beyond the scope
provided for in Section 3 above shall be subject to separate remuneration and require
the photographer’s prior written approval. This shall particularly apply to
secondary exploitation or publication including but not limited to anthologies, product-
related brochures, advertising or, in the case of any other types of reprinting,
any editing of or modifications or changes to the photographic material,
digitalization, storage or duplication of the photographic material on data media of
any type (e.g. magnetic, optic, magneto-optic or electronic media such as CD-ROM,
DVD, hard disks, RAM, microfilms etc.) other than for the technical editing and
management of the photographic material pursuant to III 5. herein,
any reproduction or utilization of the photographic data on digital data media, inclusion
or display of the photographic data on the Internet or in on-line databases or
other electronic archives (including the customer’s internal electronic archives),
the transmission of digitalized photographic material by data transmission lines or on
data media for reproduction on screens or for the production of hardcopies.
5. Any modifications to the photographic material using photo composing, mounting or
electronic means to produce a new copyright work shall require the photographer’s
prior written approval and shall be designated as such by [M]. In addition, the photophotographic material may not be copied in drawing form, recreated photographically or
used in any other manner as a motive.
6. The customer may not transfer the rights of utilization or any part thereof granted to
it to any third parties unless these are members of its group or subsidiaries. All use,
reproduction and transfer of the photographic material shall be subject to the condition
that the copyright information stipulated by the photographer be included in
such a way that it can be clearly allocated to the picture in question.
7. The grant of the rights of utilization shall be subject to the condition precedent of
full settlement of all of the photographer’s claims for payment under the applicable
contractual relationship.

V. Liability
1. The photographer shall not be held liable for the breach of any rights held by persons
or objects depicted in the photographic material unless a duly signed release is
enclosed. The customer shall be responsible for acquiring the rights of utilization
over and above the copyright to the photograph in question and for obtaining
releases from collections, museums etc., e.g. for images showing works of applied or
plastic arts. The customer shall be responsible for the legend as well as the context
in which the photograph is used.
2. The customer shall assume responsibility for the due and proper utilization of the
photographic material as of the date of delivery.

VI. Fees
1. The agreed fee shall apply. If no fee has been agreed upon, it shall be determined
on the basis of the prevailing list of photographic fees issued by
Mittelstandsgemeinschaft Foto-Marketing (MFM). The fee shall be subject to value
added tax at the applicable rate.
2. The fee shall be deemed to constitute good consideration for the one-time utilization
of the photographic material for the agreed purpose in accordance with Section
IV.3 herein.
3. The fee shall not include any costs and expenses arising in connection with the order
(e.g. cost of materials, laboratory, models, props, travel, other necessary expenses),
which shall be borne by the customer.
4. The fee shall be payable upon delivery of the photographs. If the results of the production
are supplied in parts, the corresponding part payment shall fall due upon
receipt of the corresponding delivery. In the case of commission productions, the
photographer may request advance payments matching the percentage of completion
of the production.
5. The fee provided for in Section VI. 1 herein shall be payable in full notwithstanding
the fact that the photographic material ordered and supplied is not published. If the
photographic material is to be used as a basis for layout and presentation purposes,
a fee of at least ? 75.00 shall be payable in the absence of any other agreement to
the contrary.
6. Only counter-receivables which are not disputed or have been upheld in a court of
law may be netted or shall be subject to a right of retention. Moreover, counterreceivables
which are disputed but on which a decision is soon to be made may also
be netted.

VII. Return of photographic material
1. Analog photographic material shall be returned in the form in which it was supplied
immediately after it has been published or utilized for the agreed purpose provided that
this is no later than three months after the date of delivery; two sample copies of the
publication in which the photographic material appears shall be enclosed. An extension
to this three-month period shall require the photographer’s written approval.
2. Digital data shall be deleted and/or the data media destroyed upon completion of
utilization. The photographer shall be under no duty to ensure the continued existence
and/or possibility of renewed delivery of the data.
3. If at the customer’s request or with its approval the photographer supplies photographic
material solely for the purpose of determining whether it is suitable for use
or publication, the customer shall return analog photographic material no later than
one month of receipt in the absence of any other period stated on the consignment
note. Digital data shall be deleted and/or the data media destroyed or returned. This
period may only be extended with the photographer’s written consent.
4. The customer shall return the photographic material at its own cost in standard pakkaging.
The customer shall bear the risk of loss or damage during transportation until
the photographic material reaches the photographer.

VIII. Penalties, damages
1. In the event of any unauthorized utilization, use, reproduction or disclosure of the
photographic material (i.e. without the photographer’s consent), the customer shall
be liable to pay a penalty equaling five times the applicable fee for each individual
instance, it being understood that this shall not operate to restrict any other remedies
available to the photographer.
2. If the copyright notice is missing, incomplete, in the wrong position or not possible
of being clearly allocated to the picture in question, a surcharge of 100% of the
agreed or customary fee shall be payable.

IX. General Provisions
1. The contractual relationship anticipated by these Standard Terms and Conditions shall
be subject to German law including in the case of deliveries to foreign destinations.
2. Any additions or modifications to these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be in
writing only.
3. If any of the provisions contained herein are void, this shall not prejudice the validity
of the remaining provisions. In such a case, the Parties undertake to replace the
void provision with a valid one coming as commercially and economically close as
possible to what they intended with the void provision.
4. The place of fulfillment and the legal venue shall be the photographer’s domicile in
cases in which the customer is a full merchant as defined by German commercial law.

Shirin Abedi

Shirin Abedi is a german/iranian photojournalist based in Hanover, Germany.
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